There are many reasons to learn English for specific purpose as in the table below.
|Learner needs and/or interests||Company needs|
|To read and understand the documents they are dealing with, such as handbooks of the machines they are using||Company wants all the staff to have knowledge of English|
|To understand the instructions given on the machines||Company wants the staff to be able to understand handbooks|
|To make presentation in an English speaking country and/or an important seminar and/or to the company partners||Company wants the staff to be able to communicate with foreign dealers and/or engineers etc in and/or outside the company|
|To do business abroad||Company sends staff abroad to deal with contracts, attend seminars or as representatives|
|To get promoted in their job||Company wants the staff to correspond in English|
As you can see in the above table, learner needs and company needs are similar to each other. However, motivation in learner needs will be higher than in company needs. What to learn is the learner’s decision. There can be a group of learners with such different specific needs as medicine, business, tourism, banking and science.
|is designed according to learner needs||level of language proficiency is important|
|restricted area of language is taught||wide range of reading texts in different subjects|
|may not be taught according to any pre-ordained methodology||flexible time|
|target directed||learner interests/preference|
|limited time period||cover all skills|
In ESP classes, learner already has a reason for learning either on job needs or company they work. Some syllabus are designed for group of learners with homogeneous needs targeting one particular discipline or occupation as we analyse needs of learner and institution.